Article 25 Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion
Article 25 (1) guarantees to all persons are equally the freedom of conscience and the right to profess, practice and propagate religion. The right is subject public order, morality and health and to the other provisions of this Part -III of constitution.
Under sub clauses (a) and (b) of clause (2) of Art 25 the State empowered by law—
(a) regulating or restricting any financial, political, economic, or other secular activity which may be associated with religious practice in india;
(b) providing for socialwelfare and reform or the throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all classes and sections of Hindus.
Explanation I.—Constitution is allowing the wearing and carrying of kirpans shall be deemed to be included in the profession of the Sikh religion.
Explanation II.—In sub-clause (b) of clause (2) of art. 25 , the ref. to Hindus shall be construed as including a reference to persons professing the Jaina religion, Sikh religion, or Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious institutions shall be construed accordingly.